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b 賀氏英文法全書 a

b 賀氏英文法全書 a

發行網站:http://www.hosenglish.com.

顧問:賀氏英文法全書作者

發行者:Sunny

賀立民    教授

E-mailtopho2002@yahoo.com.tw

發報日期:2003.9.14

發報頻率:每週日發刊   (122)

篇   形容詞KindsC

 第四章   數字   ( Numbers )

(續上期)

10.

日期 (Dates) 的表示

1.

單獨的日或在“of月”之前的日用數字的序數 (1st,2d/2nd,...) 或文字的序數 (first, second,...) 均可前面都必須有 the數字有強調的作用文字則較爲正式。  如:

(1)

The sales conference runs from the 2d of August through the 5th.

(銷售會議從八月二日進行到五日。)C

(2)

We leave for Europe on the second of August and don't return until the sixteenth.
(我們八月二日前往歐洲,要到十六日才回來。)

2.

某月某日的表示美語和英語略有不同——美語是在月之後用數位的基數 (1, 2, …) 或文字的序數 (first, second,...——沒有 the) ; 英語是在月之後用數位的序數 (1st, 2nd,...) 或文字的序數 (the first, the second,...——有 the)。   如:C

April 15 (美)

April 15th (英)

April fifteenth (美)

April the fifteenth (英)C

(1)

On February 1 (or 1st) my husband and I received the bank loan, which permitted us to start our own restaurant.
(2月1日,我先生和我收到了銀行貸款,我們的飯店可以開張了。 )C

(2) 

New Year’s Day is January (the) first.
(元旦是一月一日。)C

3.

只有年和月時月前年後中間無逗點日都有時通常都是月最先年最後”,日與年之間有逗點 (見註)。   如:C

(1)

Sales for February 1989 hit an all time high.
(一九八九年二月的銷售量達到了歷年的最高點。)C

(2)

On February 25 (th),1989, my husband and I received the bank loan, which permitted us to start our own restaurant.
(1989年2月25日,我先生和我收到了銀行貸款,從而使我們的飯店可以開張了。 )C

()

(a)

也有些場合(如美國的軍事通訊中)或人們用“日+月+年”的方式。如 25(th) February 1989。C

(b)

“2/3/91”或“2.3.91”這樣的寫法英美有不同的含義,美語是九一年“二月三日”,英語則是九一年“三月二日”。C

(c)

在正式的文告、請柬、法律文件中,年月日都是用文字表示。   如:C

May (the) twenty-first, nineteen hundred and ninety-one

the twenty-first of May, one thousand nine hundred and ninety-one

this twenty-first day of May, in the year of our Lord one thousand nine hundred and ninety-one

其他場合若用文字通常爲:C

May (the) twenty-first, nineteen ninety-one, the twenty-first of May, nineteen ninety-one
(以上都是表示“一九九一年五月二十一日”。)C

4.

指過去某一年畢業或發生的事件常用數字的省略式表示。  如:C

(1)

He got his degree from Ohio State, class of '69.
(他六九年從俄亥俄州獲得學位。)C

(2)

They had a great flood after the continuous heavy rain in the summer of '91.C
(九一年夏天持續的大雨後,他們那兒發了一場洪水。)C

5.

年代的讀法 —— 分爲兩部分:最後兩個字爲一部分,前面一個或兩個字爲另一部分。 如:C

105年讀作:one hundred and five 

426年讀作:four (hundred and) twenty-six

1900年讀作:nineteen hundred

1930年讀作:nineteen (hundred and) thirty

1966年讀作:nineteen (hundred and) sixty-six

1901年讀作:nineteen and one (or nineteen "ou" one)C

11.

年齡 (Ages)、生日(Birthdays)、週年紀念日(Anniversaries) 的表示:C

1.

在專業性的或具有統計意義的資料內用數位表示年齡,在一般的場合多用文字,也可用數位以加強語氣;在正式的寫作中都是用文字。   如:C

(1)

Mr.Lee, 38, has been promoted to director of marketing services.
(李先生,三十八歲,已被提升爲市場服務部主任。)

(2)

This insurance policy is specially tailored for people in the 50 plus age group.
(這個保險政策是專爲五十歲以上年齡的人制訂的。)C

(3)

You cannot disregard the job application of a person aged 56.
(你不能忽視一個五十六歲人的職業申請。)C

(4)

A computer literacy program is being offered in the schools to all 8- and 9-year-olds.
(電腦識字計劃是要提供給所有八至九歲的在學兒童。)D

“8-and 9-year-olds”內的8之後的“-”不可漏掉。這個片語原應爲“8-year-olds and 9-year-olds",由於前後的 year-olds 重複而將前面的省略了, 但 8 後的“-”必須保留,但是和後面的字之間必須保留一個間隔。其他如:C

a 8- to 10-hour trip (一次八到十小時的旅行)

a six- to eight-week delay (一段六至八星期的延誤)C

3-, 5-, and 8-gallon buckets (三加侖,五加侖和八加侖的桶)C

(5)

His father died at the age of ninety (or 90).
(他的父親于九十歲時去世了。 )C

(6)

His son is twenty years old, and his daughter is two.C
(or His son is 20 years old, and his daughter is 2.)C
(他的兒子二十歲,他的女兒兩歲。)C

(7)

Tomorrow he will be years months (and) 3 days old.
(到明天他就是五歲四個月零三天大了。 )D

年齡用“年、月、日”表示時,三者視爲一體,中間不要用逗點分開,連接月與日的連接詞and可以省略。C

(8)

Her mother is in her early fifties ; her father is in his mid sixties.
(她母親五十出頭,她父親六十五歲左右。)C

(9)

Have you ever tried keeping a group of five-year-olds happy and under control at the same time?C
(你有沒有試過讓一群五歲孩子快活同時又能在掌握之中?)C

2.

表示多少歲生日或第幾周年紀念日中的序數通常都是用文字但是若超過兩個字或刻意要加強語氣者則用數字。  如:C

(1)

My grandmother just had her ninetieth birthday. Last year she had her eighty-ninth birthday.
(我的祖母剛過了九十歲生日。去年她過了八十九歲生日。)

(2)

Today is the seventieth anniversary of Mary's father's birth.
(今天是瑪麗父親的七十歲生日。)C

(3)

You have had 4 birthdays. Your next one will be your 5th.C
(你已經過了四個生日。下一個是第五個。)C

(4)

Tomorrow will be the 135th anniversary of the death of our national father, Sun Yat-sen.
(明天是我們國父孫中山逝世一百三十五周年。)C

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賀氏英文法全書