[ 家電維修服務 | 虛擬主機,網頁空間,網頁diy | 家電維修站 ]


輸入Email訂閱
以下為電子報內容
b 賀氏英文法全書 a

b 賀氏英文法全書 a

發行網站:http://www.hosenglish.com.

顧問:賀氏英文法全書作者

發行者:Sunny

賀立民    教授

E-mailtopho2002@yahoo.com.tw

發報日期:2004.2.1 

發報頻率:每週日發刊   (142)

篇   形容詞AdjectiveC

  章   冠詞 (Article)

(續上期)

24.

下面的慣用語裡都有 "a"

 at a distance (由遠處)

 at a loss (虧損)

 be at a loss (困惑,不知道)

 at a bound (一躍,一舉)

 as a rule (通常, 照例地)

 as a whole (就全體來看)

 all of a sudden (突然地)

 in a hurry (匆忙地)

25.

下面的慣用語裡都有 the

in the morning (早晨,上午) 

in the afternoon (下午)

in the evening (晚上)

in the night (晚上,夜裡)

in the light (在亮處)

in the dark (在暗處)

in the sun (在陽光下)

in the shade (在陰處)

in the rain (wet) (在雨中)

in the daytime (在白天)

in the distance (在遠處)

in the country (在鄉下)

in the right (有理)

in the wrong (無理)

in the beginning (在當初)

in the end (最後)

in the long run (終於)

in the open (在戶外)

in the same way (同樣地)

on the contrary (相反地)

26.

稱呼語之前不用冠詞。如:

(1) 

Boys, don't make so much noise, please.
(小朋友,請不要這麼吵。)

(2)

Ladies and gentlemen, I desire to express my opinion about this matter.
(各位女士、各位先生,我想對這件事表示我的意見。)

27.

在家庭內說到家裡的某人 (包括傭人) 時不用冠詞。如:

(1)

Father has gone to Taipei on business.
(爸爸因事到臺北去了。)

(2)

Mother is cooking in the kitchen.
(媽媽在廚房裡做飯。)

()

此種用法的 father, mother等與專有名詞同,所以不在句首時也往往用大寫字母開始。如:

Has Father come home?(爸爸有沒有回來?)

(3)

Grandmother is Father's mother. She is Mother's mother-in-law.
(祖母是父親的母親,是媽媽的婆婆。)

(7)

When the children were playing in the park, Nurse talked to a friend.
(孩子們在公園裡玩的時候,褓姆跟朋友談話。)

28.

把原來不在句首而j為了要加強語氣移至句首的名詞 (原在動詞之後做主詞補語) 省略其冠詞 (參閱加強語氣與倒置句)。如:

(1)

Nice day it is! (=What a nice day 〔it is〕!)
(多麼好的天啊!)

(2)

Child as (though) he is, he talks as if he were a man.
(他雖然是個小孩,可是他說起話來就像是大人。)

Child as (though) he is = Though he is a child

(3)

Great scholar as (though) he is, he is lacking in common sense.
(他雖然是個大學者,但是他缺乏常識。)

Great scholar as (though) he is = Though he is a great scholar

29.

以下各種情形均無冠詞

A.

若用and或介詞將兩個相對的、相關連的、甚至相同的原應有冠詞的名詞結合在一起時,不要冠詞,但是有一個條件,那就是這兩個名詞不帶有任何修飾語

(1)

Mr.Chang is engaged to Miss Lee and they will be husband and wife pretty soon.
(張先生和李小姐訂婚了, 而且很快就會成為夫妻。)

(2)

My parents have cold meat and salad for supper, winter and summer.
(我的父母晚餐吃冷肉和沙拉,冬夏皆如此。)

(3)

We should serve the people heart and soul.
(我們應該全心全意為人民服務。)

(4)

He eats hardly enough to keep body and soul together.
(他吃的食物少得難以維持生命。)

(5) 

The murderer was bound hand and foot.
(那個殺人犯手腳被綁。)

(11)

The poor old man was begging from door to door.
(這個可憐的老人挨家挨戶地乞討。)

如:

bit by bit (逐漸地)

from south to north (從南到北)

back to back (背靠背)

from time to time (一而再地)

bow and arrow (弓箭)

foot and nail (盡力,拼命地)

by word of mouth (口頭)

foot by foot (一步一步地,循序漸近地)

day after/by day (天天)

hand and foot (盡力)

day and night (晝夜,一天到晚)

hand in hand (手牽著手)

day after/by day (天天)

hand in pocket (手插在口袋裡)

doctor and patient (醫生和病患)

head over heels (翻筋斗,徹底地)

face to face (面對面)

heart and soul (全部精力)

father and son (父子)

inch by inch (逐漸地)

from beginning to end (自始至終)

knife and fork (刀叉)

from cover to cover (從第一頁到最後一頁)

from top to toe = from head to foot (從頭到腳)

B.

有些動詞和沒有冠詞的名詞結合而成為動詞片語。如:

(1)

It took place (= happened) yesterday.
(這件事是昨天發生的。)

(2)

He took part (= joined) in the picnic.
(他參加了野餐。)

(3)

She gave birth to (= bore) twins.
(她生了一對雙胞胎。)

如:

catch fire (著火)

make haste (趕緊)

catch sight of (發現,看出)

make sense of (懂)

do one good (對某人有益)

set foot on (踏上)

do one harm (對某人有害)

set sail (開船)

give ear to (傾聽)

take advantage of (利用)

C.

有些慣用語裡,介詞之後做受詞的名詞不帶冠詞。如:

(1)

They started at dawn.(他們天亮動身的。)

(2)

The building is on fire.(那棟建築物著火了。)

(3)

He went off in great haste.(他匆匆地走掉了。)

如:

after school (放學後)

by day and by night (夜以繼日)

at best (最好也不過)

by mistake (由於錯誤地)

at breakfast (在吃早飯)

by night (乘著晚上〔夜裡〕)

at church (在做禮拜)

for example (例如)

at desk (在寫字,在辦公)

for instance (例如)

at dinner (在吃晚飯)

in bed (在睡覺)

at first (最初)

in class (在上課)

at hand (在近處)

in danger (在危險中)

at home (在家中)

in debt (在負債)

at last (最後)

in fact (事實上)

at least (至少)

in hospital (在住院)

at leisure (閒暇時)

in order (整齊地)

at lunch (在吃午飯)

in private (私下地)

at midnight (夜半時分)

in prison (在坐牢)

at most (至多)

in public (公開地)

at night (晚間,夜裡)

in question (在議論中)

Share the beautiful things with those who are close to us.

    更多精采內容請參閱 :  http://www.hosenglish.com.

版權所有     請勿翻印

推 薦 報

PrettyCare-內外美

提供健康知識,建立正確觀念,您將更了解如何照顧自己。

多方面的美容護膚須知,由表至裡,為健康美麗加分

解決皮膚問題的網站 

http://www.prettycare.com


賀氏英文法全書