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賀氏英文法全書

   賀氏英文法全書

發行網站:http://www.hosenglish.com.

顧問:賀氏英文法全書作者

發行者:Sunny

賀立民    教授

E-mailservice@hosenglish.com

發報日期:2006.10.30

發報頻率:每週發刊   (285)

第五篇      動      詞 

   第七章  語態  (Voice)

5.

若干特殊形式的被動語態:

1.

getp.p.”—— 相當於 “bep.p.”,但只用於口語中。——其中有些 “p.p.” 應視爲做主詞補語的 分詞形容詞。如:

2.

“getp.p.” 特別用於以下兩種場合

續 上 期

3.

“have / getO.p.p.”—— 表示受詞被如何如何,get 比較口語化。主要用於以下兩種場合(參閱 p.518-10):

A.

用於主詞叫人或雇人做某事,但只說出事情,做事的人因爲是大家所熟知的,或是無關緊要,所以通常都未提出。如:

(1) 

A:

Do you have (or get) your lawn cut every week?C
(
你是不是每星期請人剪草坪?)C

B:

I don’t have (or get) it cut; I cut it myself.
(
我不請人剪,我自己剪。)C

(2)

I’m going to have (or get) all my teeth pulled out, because I’m tired of suffering from toothache.C
(
我要把全部牙齒〔請醫生〕拔掉,因爲我已忍受不了牙痛。)C

(3)

He does such stupid things that he ought to have (or get) his head seen to.(他做如此愚蠢的事情,他該把他的腦袋檢查一下。)
         see to
examine (檢查)C

(4)

Don’t forget that you must have (or get) your car licensed before the first of the January.C
(
別忘了在一月一號以前你必須給汽車領個執照。)C

(5)

The air has leaked out of this football. Could you get (or have) it blown up.
(
這足球漏氣了,請你打一下氣好嗎?)C

(6)

Do you always get (or have) your suit made at the tailor’s or do you sometimes buy them ready-made?
(
你總是在裁縫店做衣服還是有時也買成衣?)C

(7)

Bill has a poor sense of humor. He doesn’t like having (or getting) his leg pulled.
(
比爾沒有什麽幽默感。他不喜歡被人取笑。)C

pull one’s leg 的含義是愚弄某人,取笑某人C

(8)

He took the faulty part back to the shop and got (or had) it exchanged for another, that was perfect.C
(
他把那個有毛病的零件送回商店換成另一個,那是好的。)

(9)

Get (or Have) the wounded men taken to hospital as quickly as you can.C
(
儘快叫人將那些受傷者送去就醫。)C

(10)

I will not have (or get) my house turned into a hotel.
(
我不願意使我的家變成了旅館。——下逐客令了。)
         加上了will not 即變成了拒絕允許或拒絕接受某種情況。C

B.

用於敍述意外的、不幸的事情,並非主詞叫他人所爲。如:

(1)

We got (or had) our roof blown off in the tornado last night.
(
Our roof was blown off...)C
(
昨天夜裡我們家的屋頂給龍捲風吹垮了。)

(2)

He had (or got) his house burnt in the late fire.
(
他的房屋在最近一次火災中燒掉了。)C

(3)

If you’re not careful you'll get (or have) your teeth pushed down your throat.
(
如果你不小心,你的牙齒會被打掉。)C

(4)

He had (or got) his fruit stolen before he had a chance to pick it.C
(
他還沒來得及採收水果就給人偷去了。)C

(5)

I had (or got) the number of my car taken by the police for parking in a prohibited area.C
(
我因爲把車停在禁區而被警方記下了車號。)C

(6)

The cat got (or had) her tail singed through sitting too near the fire.C
(
這隻貓由於坐得離火太近而把尾巴尖端給燒焦了。)
          singed
的原形是 singe (、、、尖端燒焦)C

(7)

They have had (or have got) their eldest child kidnapped by some men who broke into their house, and they are offering a reward for his safe return.C
(
他們的長子被闖入家中的一些人綁架了,他們正提供一筆酬金以交換他平安歸來。)C

(8)

The bandits paid for the crimes by having (or getting) their heads chopped off.
(
那些歹徒被砍了頭以作爲罪行的報應。)C

(9)

If you don’t declare everything you have bought abroad, you may have (or get) it confiscated by the Customs Officers.C
(
如果你不申報在國外買來的每一樣東西,就可能被海關官員沒收。)

You can't mend a broken heart with a silver thread.

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賀氏英文法全書